The origins of integrated circuits
In 1958, the American Jack Kilby invented the first integrated circuit, laying the foundation for modern computer hardware. Jack Kilby made this discovery while his colleagues were enjoying a vacation organized by Texas Instruments. At the time, Kilby had simply wired different transistors together by hand. It would then take only a few months to go from the prototype stage to mass production of silicon chips containing multiple transistors. These sets of transistors interconnected in microscopic circuits in the same block, allowed the realization of memory, as well as logical and arithmetic units. This revolutionary concept combined in an incredibly small volume, a maximum number of logical functions, which the outside world could access through connections distributed around the periphery of the circuit. This discovery earned Kilby a Nobel Prize in Physics in 2000, while he was still on the board of Texas Instruments and held more than 60 patents in his name.
Integrated circuit production and execution
Currently, integrated circuits are produced using an airtight housing, which is usually made of metal, glass or plastic. ICs can be divided into two groups depending on the way they are manufactured: hybrid and monolithic. The vast majority of chips are made in monolithic technology. It is worth noting that the method of producing monocrystals, which dates back to 1016 and was developed by a Polish chemist, is still very often used.
This method is called the Czochralski method after his name. Although many of us are not aware of it, the process of chip production is very complex and we can distinguish as many as 350 technological operations in it. The most important of them include creating a substrate, the process of epitaxy, masking, doping and making connections with the final assembly. Currently, Intel is considered to be the largest chip manufacturer - which is not surprising. In our Botland store we have taken care of a great variety of products, among which you can choose what really suits your needs and can help develop your project.
Integrated circuits are everywhere - and for good reasons
Nowadays, integrated circuits are already very common. They are an inseparable complement to the work of specialists, ensuring the precision of executing their tasks and also help in daily activities of the whole world. When building a correct integrated circuit, a designer has to supply themselves in fuses, transducers and transistors.
In our Botland shop we made sure to have a list of products including the best-rated components from trusted brands. In our offer you can find all necessary accessories such as logic, transistors, transducers, chargers and fuses. All products have been carefully selected from the best manufacturers and with the best price/quality ratio. You can choose from the vide variety of products designed to execute different functions. Each product is accompanied with the detailed specification to help you choose the right component for your purpose. Check out our Botland store and find what you need in best quality, at the best price.